Monday 20th May

by | May 19, 2024 | Evangelium

Mary, Mother

of the Church

Psalter: week 3

Saint Bernardino of Siena

(1380 – 1444)


Bernardino (“Little Bernard”) was born in Tuscany. Inspired by St Vincent Ferrer, he was an energetic and popular preacher. He denounced usury, promoted peace, worked hard for the reform and discipline of the Franciscan order, and for church unity.

Entrance Antiphon

The disciples devoted themselves with one accord to prayer with Mary, the mother of Jesus.


O God, Father of mercies, whose Only Begotten Son, as he hung upon the Cross, chose the Blessed Virgin Mary, his Mother, to be our Mother also; grant, we pray,

that with her loving help, your Church may be more fruitful day by day, and exulting in the holiness of her children, may draw to her embrace all the families of the peoples. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, your Son, who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.

First reading: Genesis 3:9-15,20

After Adam had eaten of the tree the Lord God called to him. ‘Where are you?’ he asked. ‘I heard the sound of you in the garden;’ he replied ‘I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.’ ‘Who told you that you were naked?’ he asked ‘Have you been eating of the tree I forbade you to eat?’ The man replied, ‘It was the woman you put with me; she gave me the fruit, and I ate it.’ Then the Lord God asked the woman, ‘What is this you have done?’ The woman replied, ‘The serpent tempted me and I ate.’ Then the Lord God said to the serpent, ‘Because you have done this, ‘Be accursed beyond all cattle, all wild beasts. You shall crawl on your belly and eat dust every day of your life. I will make you enemies of each other: you and the woman, your offspring and her offspring. It will crush your head and you will strike its heel.’ The man named his wife ‘Eve’ because she was the mother of all those who live.

Responsorial Psalm: Psalm 86(87)  

R/ Of you are told glorious things, O city of God!

On the holy mountain is his city  cherished by the Lord. The Lord prefers the gates of Zion to all Jacob’s dwellings.

Of you are told glorious things, O city of God! ‘Zion shall be called “Mother”  for all shall be her children.’

It is he, the Lord Most High,  who gives each his place. In his register of peoples he writes: These are her children,’ and while they dance they will sing:  ‘In you all find their home.’

Gospel Acclamation          

Alleluia, alleluia! Happy are you, holy Virgin Mary, and most worthy of all praise, for from you arose the sun of justice, Christ our God. Alleluia!

Gospel: John 19:25-34        

Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. Seeing his mother and the disciple he loved standing near her, Jesus said to his mother, ‘Woman, this is your son.’ Then to the disciple he said, ‘This is your mother.’ And from that moment the disciple made a place for her in his home. After this, Jesus knew that everything had now been completed, and to fulfil the scripture perfectly he said, ‘I am thirsty.’ A jar full of vinegar stood there, so putting a sponge soaked in the vinegar on a hyssop stick they held it up to his mouth. After Jesus had taken the vinegar he said, ‘It is accomplished’; and bowing his head he gave up his spirit. It was Preparation Day, and to prevent the bodies remaining on the cross during the sabbath – since that sabbath was a day of special solemnity – the Jews asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken away. Consequently the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with him and then of the other. When they came to Jesus, they found he was already dead, and so instead of breaking his legs one of the soldiers pierced his side with a lance; and immediately there came out blood and water.

Prayer over the Offerings   

Receive our offerings, O Lord, and transform them into the mystery of salvation, so that by its power we may be set aflame with the charity of the Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church, and with her may be united more closely to the work of redemption. Through Christ our Lord.

Communion Antiphon: Cf. Jn2:1,11 

A wedding was held in Cana of Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there; then Jesus performed the first of his signs and manifested his glory and his disciples believed in him.

Prayer after Communion    

Having received the pledge of redemption and of life we humbly pray, O Lord, that with the Blessed Virgin’s motherly help your Church may teach all nations by proclaiming the Gospel and, thanks to the outpouring of the Spirit, may fill the whole earth. Through Christ our Lord.


Mary was called the New Eve by the first-century Church Fathers. Saint Anselm addressed Mary thus: “You are the mother of justification and of the justified, the Mother of reconciliation and of the reconciled, the mother of salvation and of the saved.” As Eve was “the mother of all the living” (Gen. 3:20), Mary was the mother of all those living in Christ. St. John states that this Woman’s children are “those who keep the commandments of God and bear testimony to Jesus” in Revelation 12:17. Mary joined her Son’s sacrifice on Calvary and gave birth to the new humanity via labour pains. The Crucified One declares Mary’s maternity to the Apostle John and all disciples by saying, “Woman, behold your son.” Jesus tenderly entrusted Mary to John. Since Jesus is our brother and Mary is His mother, Mary is our mother also. Thus, the Church’s Tradition from the Apostles informs us that the Lord was committing all of His followers to Mary, in the figure of St. John. In effect, “Mary is mother wherever Jesus is Saviour and head of the Mystical Body.” (CCC 973)